By Peter Gai Manyuon
“When I despair, I remember that all through history the way of truth and loves have always won. There have been tyrants and murderers, and for a time, they can seem invincible, but in the end, they always fall. Think of it ….always”? Mahatma Gandhi
March 6, 2014 – After seven political detainees were released last month, most of the people thoughts they might be in the rebellion side after their releasing but to my dismal ,they came up with an idea that is opposed by most South Sudanese and other intellectuals globally, they have declared that, they only want reforms within the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) as leading party in the Republic of South Sudan; which has no different with what Dr Machar, Alfred Ladu and Gen Taban Deang are also advocating for.
Partly, most of the political detainees especially the seven and the remaining four which people are saying are in the jailed were part of the press conference that was organized by Dr Machar with all of them present on the 6th of December 2013 in Juba. And that justified where they belong in this current political arena within Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) that have resulted to a lot of atrocities committed.
Hence to me, it was not surprise to see the seven coming up with the ideology of forming the third block in the negotiation table in Ethiopians Capital Addiss-ababa.
We all know that, even the SPLM as the party, there had be splits on three basis, one group support President General Salva Kiir Mayardit and the second group support Dr Machar and the third group is with Pagan and his Mother Nyadeng De Mabior. They never agree to give the ticket to Dr Machar but what they agreed upon was making reforms within the ruling party if am not mistaken ; they unanimously come together to look for the strategy to remove Mayardit from the seat which has become so sweet for him.
There has been struggle on who to become Chairperson of the party among the three group but they did not compromise with each other until the group lead by Pagan and his Mother Nyadeng joined Dr Machar group and eventually organized two conferences that provoked Mayardit group in Juba and eventually lead to the ordered of the Commander of the Republican guards to disarms the body guards of Dr Machar from Tiger and , immediately the war broke out, where many people were killed, other were raped, tortured and thousands are in the refugees camps in Uganda, Sudan and Kenya as well and above all cause by lack of calculations from Mayardit group.
Well, looking at some people like Luke Jock, Gier Chuong Aluong, Engineer Chol Toang, Kosti, Deng Alor, Madut Biar and Iteng, you find that, these very guys’ thoughts, since the crises started and escalated beyond human control when they were in Jailed, they are having different perceptions that people might take them as neutral persons in the current mess in the Country or they are of the view that International Community might get someone from them to lead the Republic of South Sudan as an interim President. Mind you, people like John Luke Jock, is very confident that, he might be given chance since Nuer and Dinka are fighting over the leadership, in case people said Nuer should lead, he might be consider as someone who did not get involved in the current mess going on in South Sudan, forgetting that, he was the one who created all these messes going in the South Sudan by drafting and putting in to Law the interest that have lead to the confrontation within the governance system in the new nation. For sure who can agree for John Luke to be in Interim government?
Nevertheless, the fact is that; Pagan and Nyadeng De Mabior are having different agenda which is parallel and ambiguous to the rests of party members; both two are taking the party leadership as something for their family because no one will deny that, there is certain category of people who have nicked name themselves as Garang’s boys; and therefore, they are trying to transport and impose on other people about Dr John Garang Vision and mission which is already a gone case because right now we have Republic that has new laws and principles.
Why Mama Nyadeng De Mabior support the rebellion before the seven political detainees were from jial?
However, it was not surprise to me as the person; Mama Rebecca Nyadeng was trying to use Dr Machar power and his group to get his children’s away from the custody and begins advocating for the third party block in negotiation table in Ethiopia which she and the rests of the seven political detainees who were released are after. The question is; were the seven not part of the rally that was conducted on the 6th of December 2013 in Juba? If yes; what make them different from Dr Machar, Alfred Ladu and Taban Deang Gai? Realistically and logically we should think with the sense of maturity and sometimes, we can use our intelligentsias to visualize and contextualized the political, and interest behind the scene in this scenario.
Moreover, many analysts have come out with different projections and predictions about the interest behind the seven political detainees which were released; and eventually, they are confusing the situation of the newest state.
Who is capable to be part of interim in case both parties accept the peace to prevail in South Sudan?
Some people have come out trying to advocate for something, that will not be possible to happen in the Republic of South Sudan; people like Lawyer John Luk Jock is having interest inside him to be part of the interim government and therefore; he is trying to convene his group in Ethiopia that, in case of anything, he should be suggest but he does not know that, most of the South Sudanese citizens are not happy with him due to the way he manipulated the constitution of the whole Country to be personal document which has been use against him as well. In really sense who can accept him to lead or be part of interim government?
May be people like Ezekiel Lul Gatkuoth, Lawyer Dong Samuel Luak and Governor of Western Equatoria Bokosoro are the only right choices for the interim government because in really sense, interim government want someone who cannot dictates people again in near future. For the case of Dr Machar who advocate for democracy, should wait for 2015 because Democratization move hand in hand with elections, or what do you think? And Gen Salva should step down for safety of the citizen of South Sudan.
No one will deny the fact that, both two have made most of the South Sudanese to lost their lives because of their ideological differences.
• Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), International Communities with African Union should not allow or dissolve the ideology of the seven political detainees forming a third block and moreover they were looking for the reforms within Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) like What Dr Machar, Taban Deng and Alfred Ladu Gore were advocating for. Or if they don’t want to take side to chose either SPLM in opposition or joining the government of President Salva Kiir Mayardit in Juba then let them not act as blockage to South Sudanese people, because civilians who are inside United Nation Mission (UNIMISS) in South Sudan compounds are tired of sickness, hotness of sunshine and no medication as well. There is need for peace so that, innocent civilians go to back to their homes.
• International bodies with help of Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) should not make mistake of bringing in someone who is implicated with corruption case. There are 75 officials who took away millions of dollars to foreign Countries; they should not be allow to be in any system in the Republic of South Sudan.
“Honesty is more than not lying. It is truth telling, truth speaking, truth living, and truth loving.” ? James E. Faust
Author is Independent Journalist who had written articles extensively as columnist on issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan; you can contact him through;firstname.lastname@example.org
Article source: http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article50203
By Ban Ki-moon
March 6, 2014 – What was once the biggest United Nations peacekeeping operation in the world winds down this month, and the most extraordinary part of this historic development is that international troops are not the only ones departing the country – nationals from the once war-ravaged nation are donning blue helmets as they deploy to serve with the UN in other troubled parts of the world.
Sierra Leone used to be synonymous with brutality. The savage, decade-long war there was marked by appalling atrocities against civilians.
Shocked into action, the world responded by backing a series of United Nations peacekeeping and peace operations. In the process, the international community paved the way for breakthroughs that will resonate far beyond Sierra Leone for years to come.
We must give full credit where it is due: the peace I witnessed at the closing ceremony in Freetown this month is first and foremost an accomplishment of the Sierra Leonean people, who showed tremendous resolve to heal and rebuild. The UN is proud to have supported them – and we thank them for proving our value.
Sierra Leone saw many UN “firsts”, hosting the UN’s first multi-dimensional peacekeeping operation with political, security, humanitarian and national recovery mandates. The UN Peacebuilding Commission made its first-ever visit to Sierra Leone. Our final mission there was led by the first senior UN official heading a unified political and development presence.
The United Nations was proud to help set up the Special Court for Sierra Leone – making it the first country in Africa to establish, with UN participation, a tribunal on its own territory to address the most serious international crimes.
When the Special Court closed last year, it was the first of the UN and UN-backed tribunals to successfully complete its mandate. The Special Court’s sentencing of former Liberian President Charles Taylor was the first conviction of a former Head of State since Nuremberg – sending a stern warning that even top leaders must pay for their crimes. Other trials saw first-ever convictions for attacks against UN peacekeepers, forced marriage as a crime against humanity, and the use of child soldiers.
These breakthrough accomplishments added to a solid record of achievements. UN blue helmets disarmed more than 75,000 ex-fighters, including hundreds of child soldiers, and destroyed more than 42,000 weapons and 1.2 million rounds of ammunition. The UN assisted more than half a million Sierra Leonean refugees and internally displaced persons to return home and supported training for thousands of local police. The UN helped the Government to combat illicit diamond mining that fuelled the conflict, and to establish control over the affected areas. With the UN’s help, Sierra Leone’s citizens voted in successive free and fair elections for the first time in their history.
The UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office helped Sierra Leone to consolidate progress, addressing tensions that could have caused a relapse into conflict while strengthening institutions and promoting human rights. It helped the Government to bolster the political process, emphasizing dialogue and tolerance, and further strengthened the national police, even supporting the establishment of the first Transnational Organized Crime Unit in West Africa.
Our final mission is departing Sierra Leone but a United Nations country team will remain until long-term development takes root, supporting good governance, quality education, health services and other essential conditions for progress.
Other countries now mired in fighting, divided by hatred and wounded by atrocities, can draw hope from Sierra Leone. Its resilient people have given peacekeeping their greatest possible vote of confidence by sending troops to serve where the UN flag flies today. They understand that national goodwill backed by international support can enable even the most devastated areas to enjoy lasting peace.
Ban Ki-moon is the Secretary-General of the United Nations
Article source: http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article50207
March 4, 2014 (JUBA) – Sudanese refugees from Blue Nile state came under attack on Tuesday in Upper Nile state’s Maban county as the security situation rapidly deteriorated, a Kampala-based think tank said.
Refugees from Blue Nile state arrive at the Yusuf Batil refugee camp in South Sudan’s Upper Nile state on 22 June 2012. The site is currently home to almost 40,000 refugees (Photo: Giulio Petrocco/AFP/Getty Images)
According to the Sudan Democracy First Group (SDFG), the incident occurred when as unidentified armed group of people wearing military fatigues reportedly from the Maban community attacked civilians in the Yosif Batil camp, home to just under 40,000 refugees.
The exact number of dead and injured has not been confirmed, although more than a dozen people remain unaccounted for, SDFG said in a statement extended to Sudan Tribune on Wednesday. A large number of cattle have also been reported stolen.
Hundreds of refugees have reportedly fled to a nearby NGO compound, while others who remained behind in the camps, including a high number of women and children, remain fearful of further attacks.
Some refugees have already elected to return to areas inside Blue Nile, amid safety fears and a worsening humanitarian crisis.
The security situation in Maban county, where more than 122,000 refugees from Blue Nile state are hosted in four separate camps, has remained uncertain since violence flared in South Sudan in mid-December.
SDFG says simmering tensions in areas surrounding the camps has steadily escalated due to frequent confrontations in Upper Nile state between Sudan Sudan army (SPLA) forces loyal to the Salva Kiir-led government and troops aligned with former vice-president Riek Machar.
State capital Malakal, which changed hands several times at the height of the conflict, was the scene of further violence recently, with rebels reportedly gaining the upper hand.
“The ongoing war in South Sudan has aggravated simmering tensions between the host community and refugees in Maban, which surfaced when the arrival of large numbers of refugees increased the competition for natural resources,” SDFG said in its statement.
It adds that a major confrontation was “was only a matter of time” given the increased deterioration of livelihood options and the availability of small arms within both communities, a hangover from South Sudan’s protracted civil war with the north.
SDFG says pro-Machar forces also led a bid to take control of Upper Nile’s oil fields, including Adar Yel, located in Maban county and in immediate proximity to the refugee camps.
The think tank has warned the consequences could be “catastrophic” if full-scale violence spreads to areas near the camps
Article source: http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article50202