Comprehensive Peace Agreement
February 20, 2011 (ABYEI) – Salva Kiir Mayardit, the president of soon-to-be independent South Sudan has said that there is huge potential for joint ventures between the oil-producing region and the neighboring Kenya considering the country’s experience in trade and investment.
Omer Al-Bashir (R) and Salva Kiir (file/SUNA)
The South Sudan president hopes the two governments will explore more avenues to boost interaction both at the political and economic levels for their mutual benefit, as the region approaches independence in July.
Speaking to Sudan Tribune from the regional capital Juba on Sunday, a presidential aide, who did not want to be named, said the president Kiir made the remark while talking to the Kenyan Vice-President Kalonzo Musyoka on Friday.
While receiving congratulatory message of the Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki delivered by his Vice President Musyoka, the aide quoted president Kiir as saying: “We would not be where we are today, without the support of Kenya. I welcomed you and your accompanying delegation to Juba. So feel at home and I am happy you have come to witness the results of a long and difficult journey that took 13 years to negotiate”.
Kenya hosted peace talks between North and South Sudan, which ended over two-decades of civil war. Many leaders of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) were based in Kenya during the conflict.
“You know how this process began in 1993 culminating in the signing of the CPA (Comprehensive Peace Agreement) in Nairobi in 2005. Essentially, this is your baby and we are glad that you played your role together with other Kenyans and people from different parts of the world to see to it that we succeed,” said president Kiir.
Kiir briefed the Kenyan delegation on the various challenges facing the nascent region, which include developing a strong human resource base, infrastructural development and the intention of his administration to continue to strengthen relations through bilateral mechanisms, in line with the framework of co-operation.
Many of the four million South Sudanese displaced during the civil war fled to Kenya, as well as other neighbouring countries and the North of Sudan.
He said the decision made by the Kenyan government to send such a high level delegation led by Vice President to the region will improve business links. “This affirms the bilateral ties that existed between the Kenyan government and people. These ties needs to be continued and extended into development of a strong Partnership based on mutual respect and shared values,” he said.
Kiir said South Sudan has great potential for foreign investment, which is why his government is reviewing the interim constitution to make region more investor-friendly.
“My government seeks close co-operation with relevant authorities in your country to enhance co-operation and potential investment,” said Kiir, adding that Kenya is widely accepted as a bridge between the Eastern African community and the rest of the world.
“It is my belief, however, that this bridge of friendship extends far beyond these two regions as has been demonstrated by your engagement in peaceful settlement of the conflict in Sudan, and more especially in the opening of Consulate and establishments of cooperatives in South Sudan immediately after the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in several African” countries.
On his part, the Kenyan Vice-President Kalonzo Musyoka who was speaking in the office of South Sudan President, in the presence of a high-level government delegation to formally endorse the referendum results and welcome the new state in a meeting, said his country wants the leaders of North and South Sudan to work closely to consolidate peace, sort out resource sharing and agree on border issues in the post-referendum period.
He also pledged an additional 400 million Kenyan Shillings (nearly $5 million) towards capacity building in South Sudan.
The package entails the seconding of 80 top-notch public servants to the new state for a period of three years. He paid a glowing tribute to the people of South Sudan for conducting a peaceful referendum.
“The grand coalition government in Kenya is happy with the way you conducted the exercise. It is a testimony that Africans can peacefully and successfully manage delicate transitions,” said Musyoka in a televised statement on South Sudan Television on Friday shortly after meeting South Sudan President Salva Kiir Mayardit.
Musyoka further commended Sudanese president Omer Hassan Al-Bashir for supporting the referendum and finally endorsing the new state. ”What is remaining now is for both the leadership of the South and that of the North to work together in a peaceful atmosphere towards propelling the now two neighboring states forward,” he said.
He expressed optimism that the East African Community would be keen to welcome the new state. Kenya’s public service minister Dalmas Otieno said his country was determined to assist the people of South Sudan quickly get their civil service “up and running”.
On bilateral trade, Minister Chirau Ali Mwakwere said Kenya was focusing on three key areas — boosting of cross-border trade, enhancing manufacturing capability and the implementation of infrastructural networks linking Kenya and South Sudan.
The UNMIS mandate.
1. To support implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement by performing the following tasks:
1. To monitor and verify the implementation of the Ceasefire Agreement and to investigate violations;
2. To liaise with bilateral donors on the formation of Joint Integrated Units;
3. To observe and monitor movement of armed groups and redeployment of forces in the areas of UNMIS deployment in accordance with the Ceasefire Agreement;
4. To assist in the establishment of the disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration program as called for in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, with particular attention to the special needs of women and child combatants, and its implementation through voluntary disarmament and weapons collection and destruction;
5. To assist the parties to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in promoting understanding of the peace process and the role of UNMIS by means of an effective public information campaign, targeted at all sectors of society, in coordination with the African Union;
6. To assist the parties to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in addressing the need for a national inclusive approach, including the role of women, towards reconciliation and peace-building;
7. To assist the parties to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, in coordination with bilateral and multilateral assistance programs, in restructuring the police service in Sudan, consistent with democratic policing, to develop a police training and evaluation program, and to otherwise assist in the training of police;
8. To assist the parties to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in promoting the rule of law, including an independent judiciary, and the protection of human rights of all people of Sudan through a comprehensive and coordinated strategy with the aim of combating impunity and contributing to long-term peace and stability and to assist the parties to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement to develop and consolidate the national legal framework;
9. To ensure an adequate human rights presence, capacity, and expertise within UNMIS to carry out human rights promotion, protection, and monitoring activities;
10. To provide guidance and technical assistance to the parties to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, in cooperation with other international actors, to support the preparations for and conduct of elections and referenda provided for by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement;
2. To facilitate and coordinate, within its capabilities and in its areas of deployment, the voluntary return of refugees and internally displaced persons, and humanitarian assistance, inter alia, by helping to establish the necessary security conditions;
3. To assist the parties to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, in cooperation with other international partners in the mine action sector, by providing humanitarian demining assistance, technical advice, and coordination;
4. To contribute towards international efforts to protect and promote human rights in Sudan , as well as to co-ordinate international efforts towards the protection of civilians , with particular attention to vulnerable groups including internally displaced persons, returning refugees, and women and children, within UNMIS’s capabilities and in close cooperation with other United Nations agencies, related organizations, and non-governmental organizations.
Acting under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, the Security Council also:
1. Decided that UNMIS is authorized to take the necessary action, in the areas of deployment of its forces and as it deems within its capabilities, to protect UN personnel, facilities, installations, and equipment, ensure the security and freedom of movement of United Nations personnel, humanitarian workers, joint assessment mechanism and assessment and evaluation commission personnel, and, without prejudice to the responsibility of the Government of the Sudan, to protect civilians under imminent threat of physical violence; and
2. Requested that the Secretary-General and the Government of the Sudan, following appropriate consultation with the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, conclude a status-of-forces agreement within 30 days of adoption of the resolution, taking into consideration General Assembly resolution 58/82 on the scope of legal protection under the Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel, and notes that pending the conclusion of such an agreement, the Model status-of-forces agreement dated 9 October 1990 [A/45/594] PDF Document, shall apply provisionally.
Article source: http://www.sudantribune.com/UNMIS-s-mandate-will-not-be,38010
By Bonifacio Taban Kuich
January 31, 2011 (BENTIU) – The commissioner of Mayom County of Unity State, John Madeng Gatduel, has welcomed the announcement of that South Sudan has overwhelmingly voted for independence in January’s referendum.
Gatduel said the success of the referendum shows the diplomacy shown by Sudan’s ruling National Congress Party (NCP) and the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) who govern the south..
The commissioner said that the referendum was the last step to find a solution to the grievances of the south of how they have been treated since independence.
The SPLM, he said, is committed to fully implement the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in Naivasha Kenya in 2005 to end decades of civil war between the north and south.
Of the registered voters in Unity state 497,477 people opted for independence, constituting 99.98 percent; 98.83 percent of Southern Sudanese in Sudan, and in the eight other countries where voting took place, voted for secession. Gatduel said that the result has shown the world the will of the south to separate from north through the referendum, which has been widely approved by international and Sudanese observer missions.
Citizens in Unity state watched the declaration results on South Sudan Television on Sunday. The south is due to become Africa’s 54th country. The final results will be declared in the national capital of Khartoum on February 14 after any challenges have been made.