By Luka Biong Deng
December 3, 2012 — On 5th December, the six weeks given by the AU to Sudan and South Sudan to build consensus on the AU Proposal on the final status of Abyei will expire. Also the period of the two weeks given to the two countries to agree on the process and mechanism for resolving the disputed and claimed border areas has expired on 7th November. The AU Peace and Security Council may convene its next meeting on 14th December to endorse the AU Panel proposals on the final status of Abyei area and mechanism for resolving the disputed and claimed border areas. On the basis of its communiqué on 24th October, the AU Council is expected to endorse these proposals and to forward them to the UN Security Council for endorsement and enforcement under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. On the basis of its Resolution 2046 and its precedent of respecting regional solutions, the UN Security will most likely have unified position in endorsing these proposals.
Aware of the diplomatic consequences of the failure to reach consensus on Abyei proposal and border, the regime in Khartoum, instead of engaging with the South, opted to intensify diplomatic campaign to contain these issues at the level of AU. Bashir sent a passionate letter to all presidents and heads of state of all members of the AU Peace and Security Council to undo its decisions in its communiqué of 24th October on Abyei and border and to be given more time. In fact the essence of the AU Roadmap and UN Security Council Resolution 2046 was to put an end to the endless negotiations between the two countries.
Equally, this diplomatic campaign waged by Bashir to undo the decisions taken by the AU over Abyei and border is not only inconsistent with the principles of the AU Constitutive Act but it shows clear disrespect to the members of the AU Peace and Security Council. This diplomatic campaign also accentuates the contempt of Bashir of Africans. This attitude was shown clearly during the last summit between Salva and Bashir in Addis Ababa, when one of Bashir’s aides on Abyei insulted Africans with racial utterance in presence of the former presidents of South Africa, Nigeria and Burundi. This behaviour is not surprising as it is consistent with the implicit description of Bashir of the South Sudanese as slaves. It is a real paradox that the very person who scorns Africans is now moving with a letter from Bashir to convince African leaders to reverse their decisions. It needs to be seen whether the African leaders will reward this racist regime in Khartoum by changing their minds in the next meeting of the AU Peace and Security Council over Abyei.
While the regime in Khartoum is busy with its diplomatic campaign, the South sees the only way of resolving the pending issues of Abyei and border is to engage with Khartoum. President Salva extended invitation to President Bashir to visit Juba for a summit to resolve the pending issues and to effect the implementation of the nine (9) agreements. A high ministerial committee was set up for the reception of Bashir in Juba. President Salva made a phone call to Bashir in an effort to resolving the unjustified condition put by Sudan to allow the South to export its oil through Sudan. President Salva offered earlier to mediate between the Government of Sudan and the SPLM-North for effecting the implementation of June 2011 Agreement on the political partnership between National Congress Party (NC) and SPLM-North.
With the issue of voters eligibility in Abyei referendum being satisfactory resolved in the AU Proposal on Abyei, President Salva accepted the nominations of the Government of Sudan for the positions of Deputy Chief Administrator and the Speaker of Abyei Area Council. President Salva has gone further and sent his lead negotiator, Mr Pagan Amum, to Khartoum to resolve the stalemate in the implementation of the nine (9) agreements and the pending issues of Abyei and border. Although Pagan might have held good meetings with the key decision makers of NCP including President Bashir, we may wait to see the fruit of these meetings as the regime in Khartoum is so divided and with no real centre of power.
On the other hand, the regime in Khartoum failed not only to show any effort to implement the nine (9) agreements but also not to engage with the South in building consensus on the AU Proposal on Abyei and mechanism for resolving the border issues. The regime in Khartoum has failed the last meeting on border security by putting unrealistic condition of disengagement between Juba and the SPLM-North. The regime in Khartoum also started with aerial bombardment that resulted in loss of innocent lives in South Sudan. Besides killing of the innocent lives in South Sudan, the regime in Khartoum refused, contrary to oil agreement, to allow the export of oil of the South through Sudan.
President Bashir, instead of engaging with President Salva over Abyei, he rejected outright, after his release from Hospital in Saudi Arabia, the AU Proposal on Abyei and claimed instead that Abyei is the area of Misseriya Arab nomads. This statement dashed any hope for serious engagement over Abyei and encouraged some spoilers from Misseriya to enter Abyei town and to create havoc among the returnees and that resulted in the loss of innocent life. Also since the AU Communiqué of 24th October, the Government of Sudan has been reluctant to attend the meetings of Abyei Joint Oversight Committee under the pretext that they are finalizing their list of nominations for Abyei administration.
It is clear that while South Sudan has done what it could to implement the nine (9) agreements and to engage Khartoum on the pending issues of Abyei and border, the regime in Khartoum is revealing again its character of dishonouring agreements. Seriously, if the AU Peace and Security Council and UN Security Council are to meet, it would not take them effort to endorse the proposals of the AU Panel on Abyei and border. It needs to be emphasized that the proposal of the AU Panel on Abyei is not only an African solution but importantly it came from prominent leaders of Africa with high sense of justice and caring for peace and stability in the continent. The AU Proposal on Abyei is not a solution imposed on the two countries but it came as a result of signed agreements (Abyei Protocol, Permanent Court of Arbitration and 20 June 2011 Agreement) and processes (the AU Roamap and the UN Security Council Resolution 2046) agreed by the two countries. Any attempt to derail these processes will gravely undermine the credibility of the AU and UN and may delay justice and undermine peace.
Bashir is likely to reject these proposals and will continue to defy the international community, particularly the AU for the first time. If this defiant behaviour of Bashir is not contained, then it will continue to destabilize the region. African Union in particular should take serious actions against Bashir and to review its decision of protecting him from International Criminal Court. Equally, the AU should also consider suspending the membership of Sudan in AU as Sudan under Bashir will continue to be liability to the content and the people of Sudan.
The Government of South Sudan should rule out any serious business with Sudan and it should manage its oil sector as if it has no border with Sudan under Bashir. As the South has shown its commitment to implement in good faith the nine (9) agreements and to build good relations with Sudan, the friends of the South and international community should now assist the South to develop an alternative pipeline. Above all, the people of Sudan are to be supported as they rise up against injustice and indignation through popular uprising. The people of Sudan are great and have set examples before in fight against tyranny in Sudan through peaceful popular uprising. If Sudan continues to defy the international community, the option of regime change will be unavoidable.
Luka Biong Deng is a senior member of South Sudan’s ruling Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Co-Chair of the Abyei Joint Oversight Committee. He can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org
Article source: http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article44732
By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
February 18, 2011 — In the wake of the impending separation of the Southern Sudan in the aftermath of the unprecedented groundbreaking referendum outcome, Darfur conflict has worsened and doomed to be left for the National Congress Party (NCP) to prey on and forgotten by the International Community. The government of the International Criminal Court (ICC) indicted fugitive Field Marshal Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir indicated that it is determined to end the conflict in Darfur once and for all before July the 9th 2011 when the South becomes the newest and the UN’s 193rd Member State. It is also reported the NCP President Omer al-Bashir as saying that the Darfur region would be “clean” from or cleansed of any rebel groups. Furthermore, the Islamism-Arabism entity in Khartoum has taken advantage of the excessive concern of the Western world especially the United States of America with the recent events in Egypt which ignited the rest of the Arab World and the effect of that on the peace in the Middle East, to escalate its attacks on the civilian population in Darfur and expulsion of the Humanitarian Organisations that provide relief for the victims of the Darfur crisis in the IDPS camps besides application of the forced evacuation of camps throw the so-called Peace from within (The Mbeki/Ghazi Domestication of Darfur Peace). Observers and political analysts emphasize that the international community’s focus has been squarely shifted to the secession of the South Sudan and they understandably express their grave concerns on the growing violence in Darfur. In their distraction by the issues aforementioned the US, EU failed to notice the imminent renewal of war with an ultimate genocide in the making by the heinous NCP regime.
In the circumstances, unless specific and concrete workable strategy is put in place by the UN, US, EU and AU along with exerting pressure through their political leverage, the fate of the Darfur conflict will be rack and ruin and the people there will face annihilation. This is more so in the light of the renunciation of Doha as venue for peace talks by the NCP government delegation since December 2010 and decided to implement its ‘New Strategy’ of working with civil society organizations, elected members and supporters of the National Congress and the residents of the displacement camps in Darfur. Surprisingly, the US President Barack Obama’s special envoy to Sudan, retired Air Force Major General Jonathan Scott Gration, directs all of his time and attention to the Southern Sudan and trying to please Omar al-Bashir and gain his trust, without giving any consideration to the tragedies caused by the official Sudanese armed forces against unarmed civilians in the troubled Darfur region on daily basis. Analysts feel that the US is not using its leverage on Sudan at this time. According to observers the Khartoum regime has made it perfectly clear that it wants the Doha talks wrapped up as soon as possible and replaced with a peace process inside Darfur in its place. Doha isn’t the be-all and end-all of peace negotiations in Darfur it is just another venue that has tried and failed, and unless the international community gets serious it won’t be the last one either. Djibrill Bassolé, UN-AU Chief Mediator and H.E. Qatari State Minister for Foreign Affairs Ahmed bin Abdullah Al-Mahmoud have been shuttling between Doha, Khartoum, Addis Ababa and Tripoli to resuscitate to revive the Doha platform to further the negotiations stalled by the intransigence of the Government of National Congress Party (NCP) in spite of the fact that the unity of the Darfuri armed movements has been achieved and made in place now. Lack of unity of the Darfur rebel movements served as a pretext for the Government of National Congress Party (NCP) to dodge, maneuver, and prevaricate to stall peace efforts to prolong the 8 year suffering of the people of Sudan in Darfur. It is noteworthy that some of the causes of the fragmentation movements lie with the government who tended to create and spawn movements loyal to it but haven’t any presence in the ground.
What we are witnessing today in the region of Darfur is like what the world saw happening in 1994 in Rwanda as if history is repeating itself and we are seeing tragedy in Rwanda re-played in Darfur. There is no difference; the world is watching without the blink of the eye or the batting of the eyelid; not only that, but some, at worst, played the role of collaborators! The disastrous humanitarian consequences of renewed war escalating the conflict in Darfur should attract the attention of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) since the UNAMID abjectly fails to use its mandate to protect the civilians.
The Chairman of the African Union High-Level Panel on Darfur (AUPD), former South African President Thabo Mbeki has become a burden and a problem rather than a solution to the Darfur issue. Mbeki is the element behind the infamous “New Strategy” dubbed as peace from inside or Domestication of peace which undermined the hopes and prospects of peace through negotiations in the Doha Forum. Observers and some insiders indicate that Thabo Mbeki of South Africa has worked hard to derail the peace efforts in Doha in his research to assume the position occupied by his arch rival Djibrill Bassolé from the State of Burkina Faso! Thus self-interests and personal gains dominated over the rights of the vulnerable in the Darfur region, where their cause has become a football that played by anyone who wanted to live up to a higher rank, unfortunately. Nevertheless, legitimate rights will not get lost no matter how long the term or to what degree being tampered with by abusers. The fire of the Revolution in Darfur will continue lit and burning until all the rights are recovered full-fledged and undiminished. For the NCP entity to choose between two options either to pay the rights of peace in Darfur today before the next day without prevarication or let the remaining Sudan enter into total chaos. Omer al-Bashir needs to learn few lessons from the recent events in the region where the mightiest and longest serving despotic regimes in the Arab World of Zain al-Abideen Ben Ali in Tunisia and Hosni Mubarak in Egypt have been ousted when the People’s Power spoken. The international community understands well and knows the tricks of the demons of the tottering NCP regime that are renowned for being good at saying the thing and its opposite in the same statement!
The people of Sudan as a whole felt very disappointed by the lack of condemnation of Western countries the brutal suppression by the Government of National Congress with which met the peaceful demonstrations by the young people in Khartoum and other cities in the country to protest against the high cost of living and the squalid conditions in which people live as well as against the prevailing emergency law in the country for more than two decades and the continued repression, arrests, imprisonment and summary executions by the so-called National Intelligence and security services (NISS) torture machine without accountability. There seems a preferential treatment given to citizens of certain Middle Eastern countries without regard to human rights advocated by the United Nations for all mankind, without discrimination. Bearing in mind that fatalities had affected youth demonstrations in the National Capital of Sudan, Khartoum, where the Omdurman Islamic University student Mohammed Abdelrahman was martyred from injuries he suffered, during peaceful demonstrations in Omdurman on the 30th of January 2011, at hands of the National Congress Party (NCP) government security services and the thuggish militias. Double standard doctrine seems to have been applied here unfairly. One does not mean to say the Leaders of Western World not to carry out their global missions to meet the vital political, financial and security interests of their countries in this sensitive region of the Middle East. What is meant is that the International Community to exercise more even handedness approach towards on issues specific to the Middle East without bias or neglect of the risks that beset some countries such as Sudan in which Darfur feels an ongoing pain under the yoke of oppression, torture, forced displacement, ethnic cleansing and genocide by the Islamized-Arabised government of the NCP led by Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir who is a fugitive and at large required by the international justice. The people of Sudan in Darfur strongly believe that sooner or later Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir will be hunt down and brought to justice at The Hague in the Netherlands.
Political analysts attribute the Western leaders’ absolute silence towards the cruelty and brutality of the Government of National Congress Party as part of the reward (Carrot no stick) they have promised the regime for facilitating the task of allowing the holding and carrying out the referendum of Southern Sudan on time without problems. Though the NCP regime has been enjoying the reward for the time being, this honeymoon will not last long as there are so many outstanding issues which relate to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). To mention few of those outstanding issues pending to be resolved include Oil and Abyei and the border between the two countries and the apportionment of the waters of the Nile and issues dealing with nationality and identity, international debts ($38 Billion), currency and the status of southerners in the north and northerners in the south and the question of the joint armies! Therefore, the NCP regime has to deliver more before the International Community, US, grants it clearance and let it grab the Indulgences! The NIF/NCP can not win by going on with the attitude of complacency, arrogance and racism without introspection of its own thoughts and desires and conduct.
After being inspired by the popular uprising in Tunisia, Algiers, Egypt, Yemen, Jordan, Iran, Bahrain and Libya, the Sudanese people’s Power is also coming soon for Change unless basic freedoms are made in place, justice and equality are practiced , food is made affordable to the public and opportunities for reduction of poverty and hunger is guaranteed, hopes for departure of the criminal elements in the National Islamic Front (NIF/NCP) government, which seized power by its ill-fated coup d’état is ensured, the alliance of political forces, the Broad National Front (BNF) , the gallant Darfur armed movements, Internet and Facebook generation of youth along with the masses of the Sudanese people who staged the glorious 21st October 1964 Revolution that toppled General Ibrahim Abboud and those who led the 6th April 1985 Popular Uprising which ousted Marshal Jaafar Mohmed Nimeiri, will resort to removing the despotic abhorrent regime led by the ICC indicted dictator Omer al-Bashir from its hateful throne! The goal of the people of Sudan is to see their beloved country moving out from the path of oppressive dictatorship to a civilised free and democratic state that respects diversity, justice, equality, peace and considers citizenship as the sole item for identity. The disenfranchised Sudanese are convinced beyond a thread of doubt that the National Islamic Front (NIF) and its clones NCP/PCP are an ongoing threat and obstacle to Democratic Transformation and safe Peaceful Transfer of Power through democratically elected parliament. The Elements of the National Islamic Front (NIF) have declared long ago that they have taken over the power in Sudan through the barrel of a gun and will not be handing it to anyone except for those who overcome them and take it by force. Moreover, these unrepentant demons had reportedly said that they would remain in power for good and would only hand it to the Prophet Jesus the Christ, Peace Be Him! It is a clear arrogant defiant statement that they are trying to incite sedition and test the strength of the Sudanese political community they succeeded to weaken. Elements of the National Islamic Front do not hesitate to commit all kinds of sins in order to reach their malignant goals which are shown by the unspeakable cruelty and inhumane crimes they have committed in the Darfur region. They are mere traders of the Islamic faith while the pure religion detests the abhorrent behaviour of these villain criminals.
While the people of Sudan in Darfur appreciate the immense efforts of the International Community and value the great support they received over the past eight years from the Western human right organisations, and relief agencies, they appeal to the Major Powers in the world not to abandon the issue of Darfur to be preyed on by the authoritarian government of the National Islamic Front (NIF/NCP) which declared that it is going to ‘finish it off’ by July 2011 through its sinister plot, dubbed “Domestication of Peace for Darfur” or “the Thabo Mbeki Scheme” as a substitute for the negotiated peace talks at the Doha platform, throwing away all the work done by the joint UN-AU Mediator Djibril Bassole’, the government of Qatar and the unified group of the Darfuri rebel movements. Omer al-Bashir’s government has escalated its genocidal war in Darfur exploiting the period in which the international community has been concerned and engaged in the political turmoil causing instability in a number of countries of the Arab world and the countries of the region.
Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman is the Deputy Chairman of the General Congress for Justice and Equality Movement (JEM). He can be reached at email@example.com
United South Sudan Party (USSP)
Juba South Sudan
Blog: ussp news.blogspot.com
15th January 2011.
On this last day of South Sudan Referendum 2011, United South Sudan Party (USSP) would like to congratulate the people of South Sudan worldwide and the Referendum Commission for having conducted the referendum successfully. The South Sudan referendum is a culmination of over a hundred years of struggle, suffering and sacrifice. Many thanks also to our fallen heroes and heroines who gave up their lives for this Nobel cause.
USSP, as a party, is very pleased with what has unfolded because that is what USSP has all along campaigned for relentlessly – the Independence of South Sudan. We are profoundly happy for the Democratic way in which the voting was carried out. This is precisely what USSP advocated for – ballots not bullets.
We are also very pleased that ALL South Sudan political parties were unified in their determination to have the whole process run peaceful.
The referendum is about the future. From now on, under democracy, no political party shall be allowed to intimidate other parties.
The spirit of the South Sudan dialogue, which unified the people of South Sudan to conclude this historical event peacefully, must continue to govern us into the coming stages of our nation building.
From day one of its inception, United South Sudan Party (USSP), has advocated and worked for the unity of the people of South Sudan. We continue to believe that a peaceful and democratic South Sudan can only come about through the unity of its people as suggested in the party’s name.
We know that the official results of the voting will not be announced until next month, but as the whole world can see, that hasn’t stopped the nearly 4 million Southerners from celebrating the independence they believe they are assured to attain.
We want to remind our compatriots that south-south reconciliation process can only be realised through a strong and genuine move towards democracy.
This, no doubt, requires a complete commitment on the part of the present ruling party, the SPLM, to implementing the principles adopted at the All South Sudan Political Parties Conference held in Juba in October 2010.
Any irresponsible move towards autocracy, domination, discrimination and violation of human rights would be a downright recipe for catastrophe. Such an event would, for sure, empty the independence of its contents and must be avoided by all means. As South Sudanese, we must all work together to build a nation where there would be no place for second class citizenry.
At this juncture, we would like to thank the US Administration, IGAD, the AU, the EU, the UN, the CPA troika and the entire international community for all that they have done to see the full implementation of the CPA through. We are aware that the referendum exercise for the secession of Southern Sudan has been conducted in a free, fair and transparent atmosphere. Therefore, we urge the International Community to immediately recognize the result of the referendum and the imminent independence of South Sudan.
Although the South Sudan referendum is now successfully over, we would like to remind the International Community to press the Government of Khartoum for an immediate implementation of the Abyei Referendum and the Popular Consultations for Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile regions as stipulated in the CPA.
Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba