South Darfur

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More than 100 killed in tribal conflict in South Darfur

August 11, 2013 (KHARTOUM) – More than 100 people were killed in violent clashes on Saturday between two Arab tribes over land and cattle in Sudan’s East Darfur state, the two sides said but local and national authorities kept silent.

JPEG - 17.5 kbLeaders of Abbala and Beni Hussein tribes from North Darfur’s El Sereif area cheer after signing a reconciliation agreement in El Fasher, on Saturday July 27, 2013. (Photo by Albert Gonzalez Farran/UNAMID/AP)

Conflict between the Rizeigat and the Maalia , two pastoralists tribes, broke out on Sunday around a pasturage area located north of Al Da’ain the state capital. Both groups claim that Kilaikil area as part of their territory.

The conflict escalated after the Maalia claimed that five of their men were killed by members of the Rizeigat during the first week of August.

In retaliation for the alleged attack, members of the Maalia tribe raided the Rizeigat area on 6 August, seizing some 400 head of cattle.

As the Rizeigat mobilized themselves to launch counter attacks on Maalia camps north of Kelaikil, community leaders intervened to calm the situation and a settlement was reached with the Maalia for the return of the cattle.

However, the UK-based Sudan Social Development Organisation (SUDO UK) reported that the planned handover of cattle on Saturday never took place and later that same day armed Rizeigat attacked Maalia camps in Almigailid, north of Kilaikil and Dar al-Salam, east of Al Da’ain.

Some 36 Rizeigat and 77 Maalia were reportedly killed during the fighting, while another 150 Rizeigat and 50 Maalia were injured.

SUDO UK said there are fears the fighting may escalate further, leading to more death and injuries.

It has called on both tribal groups to immediately order a ceasefire to allow community leaders and elders from each side to effect a temporary reconciliation.

“Above all civilians, especially the women and children from both sides should be protected”, said SUDO UK chairperson Mudawi Ibrahim Adam.

Both the Rizeigat and the Maalia are pastoralist tribes, based in East Darfur. The centre of Rizeigat territory is in Al Da’ain town, the capital of East Darfur, while the Maalia centre is in Adila, the second largest town after Al Da’ain.

Tribal fighting, which become the major source of insecurity in Darfur since the beginning of the year, forced over 300,000 people to flee their area.

In a report to the UN Security Council, the hybrid peacekeeping mission (UNAMID) dedicated three pages to give un account about the tribal clashes which are generally over land ownership.

Also, observer agree that these clashes occur between two tribes that fought rebel groups in the past and have strong militias or a tribal militia against a neutral tribe. But in all the cases, militias are involved in these conflicts.

Analysts also underline that the emergence of strong militias eroded the authority of tribal leaders as they can no longer challenge the militia chiefs who have money and means provided by the army and security services.

Different officials in Darfur including the head of the regional authority Tijani El-Sissi said that tribal violence is a big threat to the ongoing efforts to implement a peace document signed by two former rebel groups in the region.

(ST)

Article source: http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article47620

Sudan to relocate residents of a village destroyed by the floods

August 11, 2013 (KHARTOUM) – The authorities in Sudan’s Jezira state are planning to relocate the residents of the village number 38 in Um Al-qura locality who were displaced by the heavy rains which completely flooded their homes.

JPEG - 20.8 kbA Sudanese woman stands next to her house in the middle of a flooded street on the outskirts of the capital Khartoum on August 10, 2013 (ASHRAF SHAZLY/AFP/Getty Images)

The move comes in the wake of an inspection tour made by Jezira state governor, Al- Zubair Bashir Taha and Um Al-qura mayor Ahmed Suleiman Al-Shaygi to the village where 3,000 residents are surrounded by the water.

The technical and engineering teams have embarked on a field survey for the new location of the village. The affected villagers will be moved to the new location and accommodated in temporary tents.

The mayor has disclosed that 47 villages were affected by the heavy rains which flooded 15 villages completely and destroyed 2,000 homes as well as dozens of sewage systems.

He pointed that the locality has taken the necessary measures to aid the affected, saying that heavy machineries were used to dispose of the accumulated water.

The governor of Jezira, for his part, called for mobilizing youth groups, civil society organizations, and students associations as well as harnessing all state’s technical and material capabilities to aid and support the affected, stressing his government’s commitment to furnish them with a decent livelihood and health care.

He announced that several technical and engineering measures will be applied in the coming period in order to prevent floods, urging citizens to remain vigilant and immediately report to the emergency rooms in their localities and administrative units.

The heavy rains and floods that hit different areas in Sudan in the past few days have lead to the death of at least 48 people and injured dozens as well as destroying thousands of homes. Many ordinary citizens voiced rage over poor preparations by the government and inadequate response to the floods.

Meanwhile, the Civil Defense Council in the Nile state announced that 36 people were killed as a result of the floods and that 5,000 homes have collapsed either partially or completely. This has caused 1,600 families to be homeless, it added.

Furthermore, the state revealed that 33 islands are threatened with rising waters and disclosed that planes are dropping food to affected citizens.

The pro-government Sudanese Media Center (SMC) website reported that authorities are working to evacuate 45 gold miners are held up by flood waters in the region east of Obaidiya in Brier locality over an area of up to 100 miles on the borders between the Nile River and the Red Sea states.

The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said that initial estimates are that at least 26,000 houses have been damaged or destroyed in the heavy rains which swept Sudan this month.

The Sudanese Red Crescent Society and the Commission for Voluntary and Humanitarian Work estimated yesterday that 98,500 people have been affected in Khartoum, River Nile, Blue Nile, North Darfur, South Darfur, Northern and Red Sea states between 1 and 4 August.

The states in Sudan that were most affected included Khartoum (56,000), River Nile (33,000), West Kordofan (12,000), North Darfur (8,000), Blue Nile (6,000), Red Sea (3,000), Northern (1,000) and South Darfur (1,000).

But the volunteer youth group, Nafeer, gave a much higher estimate on Friday before the latest heavy rains.

Nafeer said in a statement that at least 14,517 houses and more than 72,000 people were affected in four districts alone on the edge of Khartoum. The figures it said was based on research that included questionnaires completed by people affected by the floods.

The group said that urgent needs for the affected population include clean water, dried milk, cookware, rechargeable batteries, mattresses, sheets, covers, clothes and 4WD drive vehicles for emergency calls.

Drainage is poor in the capital of Sudan, where even a little rain can cause flooding, but this year’s water surge was unusually severe.

Yesterday authorities said that ten people were killed including eight family members as in Sudan’s twin capital of Omdurman and thousands of homes were damaged.

Many Sudanese live in one-room homes built of mud bricks which can easily wash away.

OPPOSITION SLAMS GOVERNMENT NEGLIGENCE

The coalition of opposition parties known as National Consensus Forces (NCF) lambasted the government for inadequately providing for flood victims.

The NCF spokesman Kamal Omer said that the government lost is legitimacy over the loss of lives and property of its citizens caused by the heavy rains. He also accused Khartoum of blocking aid to victims.

Another NCF figure Sate’ al-Haj said that they toured East Nile locality in Khartoum on Saturday and saw people there sleeping in the open in “miserable condition” after losing their homes.

Al-Haj said the situation is a warning for an upcoming disaster for hundreds of people without any signs of resolution. He said that parties will open their headquarters to aid affected citizens.

QATAR TO AIRLIFT AID TO FLOOD VICTIMS

Sudan official news agency (SUNA) reported that starting Monday, Qatar will airlift aid to Sudan upon the orders of the Emir Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani.

This was communicated in a phone conversation between Qatar’s Prime Minister Abdullah Bin Nasser al Thani and Sudanese interior minister Ibrahim Mahmoud Hamed, the agency said.

Also on Thursday, the Japanese government said it will provide emergency relief goods (water purifiers, sleeping pads, etc) worth 16 million JPY to Sudan through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in response to the request from Khartoum.

(ST)

Article source: http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article47626

Sudan says eight family members killed in heavy rains, Khartoum state calls in Swiss experts

August 10, 2013 (KHARTOUM) – Ten people were killed including eight family members as a result of the heavy rains in Sudan’s twin capital of Omdurman and thousands of homes were damaged, a local officials said here today.

JPEG - 33.9 kbA Sudanese woman sits with her child next to her house in a flooded street on the outskirts of the capital Khartoum on August 10, 2013 (ASHRAF SHAZLY/AFP/Getty Images)

“More than 10 people were killed at Ombadda locality due to heavy rain that lasted for more than eight hours, while over 3,000 houses have been damaged, completely or partially”, Omdurman’s Ombadda locality said in a statement.

The locality also warned of more floods headed from high-level areas west of Omdurman and urged the citizens to remain cautious. It called upon philanthropists and civil society organizations to provide support for the affected population.

The executive director of Ombadda locality Ahmed Osman Hamza announced that a 24-hr emergency room was set up alongside another main one which oversees the administrative units that is constantly feeding reports to Khartoum state government.

Hamza said that efforts are underway to evaluate the damage caused by the heavy rains and floods adding that humanitarian aid including food, clothing and shelter were dispatched on Saturday to the western suburb of Ombadda.

He told the official news agency (SUNA) that a bridge will be built soon to protect the western suburb from floods adding that several projects including water harvest schemes, dams and water reservoirs will be launched by the Ministry of Urban Planning and the Ministry of Water Resources and Electricity.

The head of the main emergency room in Ombadda Al-Hassan Khalid stressed on his part that the room is comprised of health officers, administrative officers, heavy machinery drivers who track the performance of the 10 administrative teams.

Khalid confirmed that 10 people in the locality were killed including 8 from one household and a 9 years old girl as well as a student in a Khalwa (Quranic School) who drowned and his body is still missing.

The Sudanese Red Crescent Society and the Commission for Voluntary and Humanitarian Work estimated that 98,500 people have been affected by heavy rain and flash floods in Khartoum, River Nile, Blue Nile, North Darfur, South Darfur, Northern and Red Sea states between 1st and 4th August.

The states in Sudan that were most affected included Khartoum (56,000), River Nile (33,000), West Kordofan (12,000), North Darfur (8,000), Blue Nile (6,000), Red Sea (3,000), Northern (1,000) and South Darfur (1,000).

Drainage is poor in the capital of Sudan, where even a little rain can cause flooding, but this year’s water surge was unusually severe.

Young Sudanese have started an online fundraising campaign called Al-Nafeer, Arabic for ’rushing to work’, to provide aid for those affected through a large network of volunteers.

Many ordinary citizens voiced rage over poor preparations by the government and inadequate response to the floods.

SWISS EXPERTS RUSHED TO KHARTOUM

Meanwhile the media office of Khartoum’s state governor Abdel Rahman Al-Khidir announced that a team from a Swiss consultancy firm have arrived in the country on Friday to propose recommendations on addressing the issue of preventing and dealing with floods.

The team, called for on a urgent basis by Khidir has started its work on Saturday jointly with a Sudanese team comprised of Khartoum’s survey department, military survey corporation, Khartoum Roads and Bridges Authority and Al-Miraaj company.

The Swiss experts conducted an aerial survey of areas swept by floods in East Nile locality and flood source areas on the borders with the eastern states, collecting useful information from the elderly people with knowledge of the geography of the area.

The head of the team and head of Khartoum survey department, Mohamed Musa Salih, pointed that the Swiss team has filmed the topography of the area using specific coordinates which will be applied to aerial photographs.

He went on to say that the team will analyse the aerial photographs to determine the flood sources and find a radical solution for the floods problem, adding that residential compounds will be removed from the floodplain.

Salih said that Khartoum state will also develop a plan based on the Swiss team findings to build several dams to harvest rain and flood water in order to use it for agriculture, cattle herding and raising groundwater levels.

(ST)

Article source: http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article47614

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