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Opposition calls for ‘urgent political, economic and constitutional reforms’ in Sudan

The National Consensus Forces (NCF) has called on Sudan’s President Omar Al Bashir to “conduct urgent political, economic and constitutional reforms to find a way out for the country’s crisis.”

Speaking to Radio Dabanga on Tuesday, spokesman Kamal Omar Abdel Salam said the NCF also calls on the Khartoum government “to take serious action to maintain the unity of Sudan.

The NCF is a coalition of Sudanese opposition parties who aim to remove the National Congress Party (NCP) from power.

“The opposition has put forward a vision to save the country,” Abdel Salam said. “This includes presenting a transitional period ending in free and fair elections; declaration of amnesty for prisoners and detainees; cease-fire and abolition of laws restricting freedoms; the adoption of negotiation to end the armed conflicts; respect for cultural and social diversity; a review of the system of the current federal government; ensuring equitable distribution of wealth and power.

“It also involves bringing human rights violators to trial, as well as those guilty of corruption and misuse of public money,” Abdel Salam said. “Part of the plan is also the financially and morally compensate the victims’ families and reinstating those dismissed from the civil service.”

Abdel Salam pointed out that “the death toll in Darfur, the Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile state is more than a million people. The perpetrators of such crimes must be punished,” he said. “President Al Bashir will inevitably go to criminal trial today or tomorrow, so the alliance’s message calls on him to respond to the legitimate demands of the people of Darfur, the Nuba Mountains and the Blue Nile.”

Abdel Salam asserts that the NCF vision is “a last resort for the government to find a solution to the challenges that face the country.

File photo: NCF spokesman Kamal Omar Abdel Salam

Related: Opposition accuse Khartoum of ‘unequal treatment’ of Darfur displaced (19 May 2013)

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Western diplomats warn against military action to overthrow Bashir’s regime

August 4, 2013 (KHARTOUM) – Sudanese officials said Sunday that Western diplomats expressed their support to peaceful solution of the ongoing conflict and warned against any military action aiming to overthrow the government in Khartoum.

The official news agency SUNA said that Western diplomats from Canada, France and United States met with the SPLM-North secretary general Yasir Arman in London last month to inform him they only support negotiated settlement to the conflicts in South Kordofan, Blue Nile and Darfur.

According to the agency, citing diplomatic sources, the meeting took place following a consultation meeting organized on 14-17 July by the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue (HD Centre) in Geneva to promote peaceful solutions to the different conflicts in the country.

Arman was not able to attend the meeting as he applied for a visa a week before the meeting while the application for Schengen visa has to be submitted at least 15 days before the trip. Switzerland joint the Schengen visa scheme since December 2008.

At the time, rebel leader Minni Minnawi who attended the meeting told Sudan Tribune that American and Canadian diplomats supported the comprehensive solution for the conflicts in the two areas and Darfur.

However, the UN Security Council, in a resolution adopted on 30 July to extend the UNMAID mandate, warned rebel groups against military action to topple the Sudanese regime and called on Darfur groups to negotiate a peaceful solution under the basis of Doha Document for Peace in Darfur.

Arman also recently announced SPLM-N readiness to engage talks under the UN resolution 2046 (2012) which calls to hold direct negotiations to end the two-year conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile on the basis of a framework agreement signed on 28 June 2012.

The framework agreement, which was later on denounced by Sudanese president Omer Al-Bahsir in July 2011, provides that the two parties once they implement the outstanding issues in a protocol related to the two areas would establish a partnership and work together to achieve democratic transition in Sudan together with other political forces.


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SPLM-N, Ethiopian PM discuss peace in S. Kordofan and Blue Nile

July 2, 2013 (KHARTOUM) – The leadership of the rebel Sudan People’s LIberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) met on Friday with Ethiopian prime minister and current chair of the IGAD executive council, Hailemariam Desalegn, to discuss to discuss a peaceful settlement to the armed conflict in Sudan’s South Kordofan and Blue Nile states, as well as other parts of the country.

JPEG - 43.5 kbEthiopia’s prime minister, Hailemariam Desalegn (File photo/Reuters)

The rebel delegation which arrived earlier this week in Addis Ababa held a series of meetings with the African Union mediation, Ethiopian foreign minister, UN special envoy to Sudan and South Sudan, EU special envoy and Canadian ambassador in Ethiopia.

The consultation meetings focused on the humanitarian situation, and African Union and UN Security Council resolutions providing to hold talks between the rebel group and Sudanese government based on a framework agreement signed in Addis Ababa on 28 June 2011, but denounced by president Omer Al-Bashir.

Following the meeting with the Ethiopian prime minister, SPLM-N secretary general Yasir Arman in a statement he extended to Sudan Tribune said they are ready to negotiate with Khartoum on the basis of Addis Ababa Framework which “has put a solid foundation for an inclusive national constitutional process”.

“The SPLM-N’s belief and conviction is that the piecemeal solution is hurting the future of Sudan and it is not delivering peace”, he further said, stressing that a “durable solution can use all the present forums with the aim of reaching a comprehensive peaceful settlement”.

Sudanese rebel groups gathered under the umbrella of the Sudanese Revolutionary Front (SRF) call for a comprehensive process to discuss conflicts in Blue Nile, Darfur and South Kordofan in one forum. They also demands to include the opposition parties in order to reach an agreement on a future democratic constitution.

Last July the AU Peace and Security Council (PSC) expressed its support to the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD) and urged Darfur rebel groups to engage talks with the government without conditions on the basis of this framework text.

The UN Security Council (UNSC) followed the regional body and adopted a similar position, closing the door on such demand for a comprehensive negotiations.

The rebels believe that the holistic approach should lead to dismantle the rule of the National Congress Party and paves the way for a secular and democratic regime.

However, the AUPSC and UNSC opted for a gradual approach that commences with the resolution of regional conflicts and terminates with the national issue.

In its meeting of 19 July, the African Union admitted that “Darfur crisis is a manifestation of broader political and social problems facing Sudan as a whole” and demanded Sudanese government to pursue a holistic approach to “addressing these challenges within the framework of the on-going constitutional review process”.

The AU High Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) led by president Mbeki is supposed to accompany this constitutional process and ensure the inclusion of the opposition forces and what would be former rebels after the signing of peace agreements.

However the Sudanese government refuses the framework agreement signed by the deputy NCP chairman and SPLM-N chairman Malik Agar. The deal provides to establish a partnership between the two political forces in order to achieve democratic transition in Sudan.

This week the head of the Sudanese government negotiating team, Ibrahim Gandour reiterated this week the position of his government refusing to hold talks with the SPLM-N unless they disengage with the their former comrades of the ruling SPLM in Juba.


The SPLM-Sudan delegation met also with the Ad Hoc Investigative Mechanism (AIM) which is established by the African Union to probe accusations traded by Khartoum and Juba over support to rebel groups.

Yasir Arman said they had “an in-depth discussion” with the members of the mechanism and invited them to visit the SPLM-Sudan held areas in the Blue Nile and South Kordofan. He emphasized that the territory they control “is bigger in size than some countries represented in the United Nations”.

On the humanitarian register, the SPLM-N secretary-general reaffirmed that they are willing to sign a humanitarian cessation of hostility in order to allow aid groups to reach the needy civilians in the rebel areas.

He also repeated their rejection to the participation of the Sudanese government in a polio vaccination campaign in the SPLM-N-controlled areas. He said the vaccine can be brought directly from Ethiopia and Kenya and proposed to involve UNISFA in the operation to provide the logistics to the agreed site.


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