The President of the Republic of Sudan, Omer Al Bashir, arrived in N’Djamena, the capital of Chad, on Friday evening to take part in the African Great Green Wall Summit, which is scheduled to begin on Saturday.
He was received by the President of Chad, Idriss Deby, a number of Chadian ministers and senior officials, as well as the Sudanese Ambassador, the staff of Sudanese Embassy and representatives of the Sudanese community in Chad, Sudan News Agency SUNA reports.
The delegation accompanying the President includes the Minister of Presidential Affairs Gen Bakri Hassan Salih, Minister of Environment and Urban Development Dr Hassan Abdul-Gadir Hilal, Chairman of Security and Intelligence Gen Mohamed Attal-Moula, and the State Minister for Foreign Affairs Salah Wansi.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) condemned Bashir’s trip to Chad. “This would represent the fourth time Chad has welcomed the International Criminal Court (ICC) fugitive, Sudanese president Al Bashir. Chad’s hosting him is an insult to victims. He should be arrested, not welcomed in Chad”, said HRW senior international justice counsel Elise Keppler in a statement to Sudan Tribune.
In April, HRW urged Chad to arrest the Sudanese Defence Minister Abdel-Rahim Mohamed Hussein. The ICC issued an arrest warrant for Hussein in 2012 on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity allegedly committed in Darfur, where he served as the representative of the Sudanese president in 2004, one year after the start of the conflict.
The HRW appeal to Chad coincided with Hussein’s trip to a recent conference in N’Djamena; apparently the first time since the ICC warrant that he had travelled abroad.
In terms of international law, as a signatory of the Rome Statute, the document that established the ICC, Chad is legally bound to arrest any suspects indicted by the ICC who are within its territory.
File photo: Omar Al Bashir
Related: New cooperation agreements adopted in Sudan-Chad troops summit (26 April 2013)
Article source: http://www.radiodabanga.org/node/48590
May 9, 2013 (KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese president Omer Hassan al-Bashir will fly to Chad on Friday to attend the Great Green Wall summit, a presidential official said today.
Chad’s President Idriss Deby (L) walks next to his Sudanese counterpart Omar Hassan al-Bashir (R) at Khartoum airport Feb 8, 2010 (Reuters)
Bashir’s press secretary Emad Sid Ahmed said that Bashir will address the summit which has been postponed twice before.
The summit was originally scheduled for March but rescheduled amid speculations that it was delayed over controversy related to Bashir’s presence.
Bashir has been wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) since 2009 on charges of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity in Sudan’s war-torn Darfur region.
The conference was rescheduled again last April in a last minute move by Chadian president Idriss Deby who has reportedly asked for the postponement due to conflicting schedules of participating leaders.
Chad has dismissed reports of international pressure to shun the Sudanese leader and insisted that the rescheduling was a result of the participants’ busy calendars.
This will be Bashir’s fourth visit to Chad, which is a signatory to the Rome Statute, the founding document of the ICC.
Last month Chad also received the Sudanese defense minister Abdel-Rahim Mohamed Hussein which was the latter’s first visit to an ICC member since the Hague-based court issued a warrant for him in 2012.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) has condemned the upcoming visit by Bashir to Chad.
“This would represent the fourth time Chad has welcomed ICC fugitive Sudanese president al-Bashir. Chad’s hosting him is an insult to victims. He should be arrested, not welcomed in Chad”, said HRW senior international justice counsel Elise Keppler in an emailed statement to Sudan Tribune
African countries rallied behind Bashir and issued resolutions stating that they will not cooperate with the ICC in apprehending the Sudanese leader even if Bashir visits countries which have ratified the Rome Statue.
This has enabled Bashir to visit African ICC signatories such as Kenya, Malawi, Djibouti and Chad without incident.
During Chad’s thorny relations with Sudan, president Idriss Deby vowed at one point to execute the arrest warrant against Bashir, rejecting African Union (AU) resolutions granting him immunity. However, as relations improved Deby reversed his position.
Article source: http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article46519
8 May 2013 The prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) today said that if Libya can conduct fair trials of alleged perpetrators during the pro-democracy uprising in 2011, the proceedings could equal the lasting impact of the Nuremberg trials.
“By conducting fair, just, and transparent judicial proceedings for all alleged perpetrators, while also continuing to respect the ICC judicial process, Libya can set a lasting example for other States,” Fatou Bensouda, Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, told the Security Council during an opening meeting this morning.
She later stressed that “these trials can be Libya’s Nuremberg moment, one that will endeavour to seal the primacy of the rule of law, due process and human rights for future generations,” she said, referring to the tribunals that nearly 70 years ago prosecuted prominent members of the political and military leadership of Nazi Germany.
Ms. Bensouda said her office was aware of “serious crimes” committed by former Qadhafi officials, some of who are outside of Libya, and that her office’s mandate “is still essential to ending impunity in Libya.”
“We are currently engaged in the process of documenting the most serious of those crimes and documenting the current activities of those officials who were most responsible for them,” Ms. Bensouda noted.
Libya has been undergoing a transition toward a modern democratic State after decades of autocratic rule and toppling of the regime of Muammar al-Qadhafi. Colonel Qadhafi ruled the North African country for more than 40 years until a pro-democracy uprising in 2011 – similar to the protests in other countries in the Middle East and North Africa – led to civil war and the end of his regime.
Ms. Bensouda said that the office also “continues to be concerned” about allegations of crimes committed by rebel forces, including the expulsion of residents of Tawergha, who have been unable to return home and ongoing alleged persecution of ethnic groups perceived to have been affiliated with the former regime.
In her remarks to the Council, Ms. Bensouda noted the cases against Saif Al-Islam Qadhafi, son of the former leader, and Abdullah Al-Senussi, a former senior intelligence official. Mr. Qadhafi has been indicted by the ICC in relation to attacks against protesters and rebels during the 2011 uprising.
Among the mains legal issues in the case is where the men, who are in Libya, should be tried. The Rome Statue gives primary responsibility to national institutions to investigate and prosecute such crimes, with the ICC – which is not part of the UN system but has a relationship with the Organization – intervening only if they are inactive or otherwise unwilling or unable to do so genuinely.
Ms. Bensouda said investigations in both cases have been suspended in accordance with the Rome Statue and it is now up to the Chamber to decide. She added that it was “commendable” that Libya invoked its rights through a judicial process which demonstrates “full understanding of the difference between the Council’s political mandate and the ICC’s judicial mandate, even where this Council has referred the situation to the ICC.”
She also noted that “what happens with Libya’s perpetrators is a page in the history books of international justice, no matter where those investigations and prosecutions take place.”
Ms. Bensouda recently met with new Libyan Prosecutor-General, Abdel Qader Radwan, and the Libyan ICC Focal Point, Ahmed El Gehani, who travelled to The Hague.
“These preliminary positive discussions illustrate the willingness of my Office and the Government of Libya to cooperatively work together in furthering investigations that could lead to the arrest and surrender of alleged perpetrators, both inside and outside of Libya,” she told the Council.
Ms. Bensouda, who said she plans “soon” to travel to Libya, stressed the importance of cooperation between her office and the Government “to realize a comprehensive strategy for justice” particularly following its first democratic election in more than four decades, the installation of a new government last November, and the appointment of a new Prosecutor General last month.
Article source: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=44857&Cr=libya&Cr1=